Conclusions: 1. Exceptions always go beyond the rules. 2. There are always exceptions to established exceptions. 3. If you are familiar with exceptions, no one remembers the rules to which they apply. Some have become famous themselves, such as Peter`s principle, which states that all people are ultimately promoted to their incompetence, or O`Toole`s comment on Murphy`s Law, which argues that Murphy was an optimist. There are literally thousands of rules, laws, principles and observations created since Murphy`s Law. Some are funny, some are wise, and some are just cool.
Others are old and tried and tested observations: Murphy`s Law echoes our tendency to treat the negative and neglect the positive. He seems to mock us because we are such hotheads, and he uses the rules of probability – the mathematical probability that something will happen – to support himself. Finally, the term is sometimes applied to less strict ideas, which can be interesting observations or relationships, practical or ethical guidelines (also called rules of thumb), and even humorous parodies of such laws. Murphy`s social axiom: There is nothing more dangerous than good intentions combined with stupidity. Never share a foxhole with someone braver than you. Murphy`s Fourteenth Law: If something can`t go wrong on its own, someone will let it go wrong. (Murray) Gell-Mann law: What is not forbidden is required; So if there is no reason why something should not exist, then it must exist. Anything that happens often enough to irritate you will at least happen again. Finagle Rule: Teamwork is key. This allows you to blame someone else. Lyndon`s definition: An optimist is a father who lets his teenage son take the car for a date.
A pessimist is a father who doesn`t. A cynic is a father who did it. Anything that can go wrong will go wrong while Murphy is out of town. Change is inevitable except from a vending machine. Segal`s Law: A man with a watch knows what time it is. A man with two watches is never sure. Albrecht`s Law: Social innovations tend towards the minimum tolerable level of well-being. When you finally buy enough storage space, you won`t have enough storage space. Conclusions: 1. The bigger the theory, the better. 2. The experiment can be dismissed as a success of no more than 50% of the observed measurements in order to get agreement with the theory.
According to Richard Dawkins, so-called laws like Murphy`s Law and Sod`s Law are absurd because they require inanimate objects to have their own desires or respond according to their own desires. Dawkins points out that a certain class of events can occur constantly, but is only noticed when they become a nuisance. As an example, he cites aircraft noise interfering with filming. Planes are in the sky all the time, but are only noticed when they cause a problem. This is a form of confirmation bias where the investigator looks for evidence to confirm his ideas already formulated, but does not look for evidence that contradicts them.  If there are two or more ways to do something, and one of those ways can lead to disaster, then someone will. Hanggi`s Law: The more trivial your research is, the more people will read it and agree with it. The “Where are they when you need them?” Principle: If a man robs you once, he is a fool; If a man robs you twice, you are the fool; If he steals from you three times, the chances are eight to five The thief and the agency in charge of theft protection are one and the same. Brooke`s Law: Whenever a system is fully defined, a damn discovers something that abolishes the system or extends it beyond recognition. Lerman`s Law of Technology: Any technical problem can be overcome with enough time and money.
Daumen`s second postulate: an easy-to-understand and achievable lie is more useful than a complex and incomprehensible truth. Pudder`s Law: Anything that starts well will end badly. (Note: The opposite of Pudder`s law is not true.) Barth`s distinction: There are two types of people: those who divide people into two types, and those who don`t. If something is confidential, it is left in the copier. DeVyver`s Law: With enough people and a reasonable amount of time, you can create insurmountable resistance to the most trivial idea. Murphy`s Second Law: Nothing is as simple as it seems. You can never tell which direction the train went when you look at the track. A quick answer is worth a thousand logical answers.
Slow ornithological axiom: It is difficult to glide with eagles when working with turkeys. No matter which direction you take, it`s uphill and against the wind. A computer makes as many mistakes in two seconds as twenty people working twenty years. To err is human, but to really pollute things, you need a computer. Success happens when no one looks, mistakes happen when the general looks. Wyszowski`s laws: 1. No experiment is reproducible. 2. Everything can work if you play with it long enough.
Never forget that your weapon is manufactured by the lowest bidder. Cropp`s Law: The amount of work done varies inversely with the time spent in the office. Conclusion: This moment is always the one you least expect it. A phenomenon that anyone who has ever lit a fire knows: you can throw a burnt match out of your car window and start a forest fire, while you can use two matchboxes and an entire issue of the Sunday newspaper without being able to light a fire under the dry logs of your fireplace. Jerry`s Law: Just because everything is different doesn`t mean anything has changed. Monday is a horrible way to spend 1/7 of your life. An eternal vacation is a good definition of working from hell. Hill`s first sales law: Treat the customer like a fungus; Keep it in the dark and spread manure on it at regular intervals. Langsam`s laws 1. It depends. 2.
Nothing is always. 3. Everything is sometimes. It is worth noting that everything that can go wrong at sea usually goes wrong sooner or later, so it is not surprising that the owners prefer the safe to the scientist. The benefits of simplicity cannot be overstated. The human factor should not be neglected in machine planning. If attention is to be attracted, the engine must be designed so that the mechanic is ready to deal with it.  Believe it or not, there really was a Murphy, and he lived in the United States until his death in 1990. Captain Edward A. Murphy Jr. was an engineer in the Air Force.
Although he participated in other design tests during his military and civilian career, it was a test he participated in — almost by accident — that led to Murphy`s Law. Polis Lawyers Act: Every law enacted with more than fifty words contains at least one loophole. Some days you are the dog, other days you are the fire hydrant. If there is an opinion, the facts are found to support it. Darwin`s Law: Nature will tell you a direct lie if it can. If you don`t succeed at first, skydiving is definitely not for you. Gilb`s laws on unreliability: 1. At the source of every error attributed to the computer, you will find at least two human errors, including the error of pushing it on the computer. 2.
Any system that depends on human reliability is unreliable. 3. Undetectable errors are infinitely diverse, unlike detectable errors, which are limited by definition. 4. The investment in reliability will increase until it exceeds the likely cost of mistakes or until someone insists on doing useful work. There were persistent references to Murphy`s Law, which connected it to the laws of thermodynamics from the beginning (see the quote from Anne Roe`s book above).  In particular, Murphy`s law is often cited as a form of the second law of thermodynamics (the law of entropy), as both predict a trend toward a more disorganized state.  Atanu Chatterjee explored this idea by formally formulating Murphy`s Law in mathematical terms.